Who knew CAR T-cell therapy can possibly initiate cancer all over again?

T-cells float within the bloodstream of every human. Without them, we can be instantly killed by the tiniest speck of dust flying in the air.

T-cells protect us from the external environment that we think is safe. The air we breathe is filled with more than 1,800 types of bacteria. That is 1,800 too much.

Unfortunately, the most elite researchers around the globe are still not able to pinpoint the factors that lead to the development of tumors. …


What we thought was cancer’s worst enemy can actually become the brain’s biggest threat.

My grandfather was diagnosed with bladder cancer when I was only a few years old. He suffered throughout his late sixties and is still recovering today. His treatment involved many chemotherapy sessions, but doctors have been suggesting for him to try other therapies — therapies involving T-cells.

T-cells are responsible for terminating cancerous cells in our bodies. There are even immunotherapies that involve engineering T-cells from patients’ blood samples and optimizing their cancer-terminating capabilities (CAR-T cell therapy).

Cancer emerges when unregulated mitosis becomes uncontrollable. This results in rapid cell division of abnormal, mutated cells.

When T-cells become uncontrollable, autoimmune diseases emerge. This results in autoimmune diseases we know as HIV, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis. …


If you were paying attention in your U.S. History class, you can probably recall looking at advertisements created during World War I and II during America’s journey to gaining a reputation of prime industrialization.

You may also recall that women have been heavily discriminated against, dating back to the 1850s during the Civil War. Fast forwarding to a century later, women are still expected to fulfill domestic roles.

Take this advertisement for example:

Source

Fast forwarding a few more decades and women are displayed in advertisements like this:


And how to walk without them.

I’ve learned a lot these past few weeks. I reflected a lot too.

I believe that reflection helps one identify their mistakes. Reflection helps solidify what you can do better next time. Yes, that’s cheesy, but it’s true. I learned this lesson from reflecting:

“You can walk with stilts, but you can’t hobble on crutches.”

In literal terms, stilts are elongated sticks capped with foot rests. They’re often worn in theatrical performances or to scare children at Knott’s Scary Farm or even for fun!

Source

Stilts lift you from ground level. I think of “stilts” as the support systems in my…


COVID-19 had stripped away my access to laboratories. So what did I do? I built one.

Certain diseases such as multiple sclerosis and HIV can be difficult to diagnose and model. With all the medicine and pharma we have to spare, the world is still plagued by hundreds of diseases, only two of which have been globally eradicated.

That’s two diseases too little. People are suffering. Millions are dying every second of every passing day.

Fortunately, there’s hope. There’s a faster way to do things. There’s a smaller way to do things. There’s lab-on-a-chip (LOC) technology.

What is lab-on-a-chip technology?

Lab-on-a-chip. Sounds like this, right?

That is an adorable guess, but you’re wrong.

In the field of microfluidics, specifically known…


I’m a 17-year-old high school hospital volunteer located in Los Angeles County.

Torrance Memorial Medical Center

Volunteers, even those in high school, are considered front-line workers because we come into contact with many patients, families, nurses, doctors, and receptionists in the hospital.

I want to provide my vaccination experience in real-time and warn those preparing to receive the vaccine, Moderna or Pfizer. I volunteer at my local hospital: Torrance Memorial Medical Center (TMMC).

I will be providing details on the Pfizer vaccine rather than Moderna. You must be 16 years or older to receive any COVID-19 vaccine.

Dose 1

December 29, 2020 — January 17, 2021

I received the first dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine and also…


T cells…the cure to cancer?

The immune system is attacked every day. Our cells are constantly defending our bodies from bacteria, viruses, and microorganisms.

How is it possible that every time we are attacked, we don’t get sick?

As we all know, there are front-line workers of clinics, hospitals, grocery stores, etc. who we must thank for their service everyday.

But what about our blood cells? Who are they? How do they become our body’s greatest warriors?

What is hematopoiesis?

Hematopoiesis (spelled with Greek root hema or haema) is the process of creating blood cells from stem cells. …


I conducted an interview with one of the nation’s most experienced deaf education and training specialists. Her name is Cara Wilmot.

Cara Wilmot is an outreach specialist for the Resource Materials and Technology Center for the deaf and hard-of-hearing, also known as RMTC. As a teacher with over 22 years of experience, Wilmot has taught students from birth all the way to the age of 22 years old in over 67 counties in Florida.

“In the state of Florida, a student who is deaf or hard of hearing can go to school until the year they turn 21 or even 22 years old.”

From self-contained classrooms to local schools, Wilmot has taught students and their families what is known as the


The metabolomics, extraction, theories, and mysteries of nicotine.

My 9th grade best friend and I made a pact. We swore to never give in to peer pressure. It took her only three months to become friends with the school’s notorious drug dealer. It took her that next week to begin her journey of extreme drug usage.

I questioned her one day after school. She looked at the ground and sighed. With every exhale, a thin stream of vape exited her mouth. She then looked at me with glossy red eyes, which only intensified our interaction. She clenched her fist as if she was protecting something in it.

I…


A simple introduction to the types of machine learning in the midst of a serious narrative.

I was on the phone with one of my best friends at three in the morning. She was explaining how just five minutes ago, she was hysterically sobbing in her sister’s lap, crouching on a squeaky plastic chair in a dimly-lit hospital lobby.

I thought, that’s weird, you’re normally scared of hospitals. You never are out of the house this late. You can’t even step out of the house unless it’s for sports activities. Something must be up. I decided that it was best to not call her face-to-face but rather through a traditional phone call. …

Katelyn Won

Hi there! I am a 17 year old biotechnology enthusiast from Southern California. Feel free to read my articles on emerging technologies, innovations, & much more

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